IndoBeef seeks to significantly improve both the beef supply and the livelihoods of smallholder cattle farmers across five provinces in Indonesia.

Over the last few decades, demand for beef in Indonesia has been on the rise. This demand shows no sign of slowing as income, population and nutritional needs continue to grow.

Indonesia’s smallholder farmers own the majority of the country’s cattle. While attempts have been made to increase supply, these farmers have been unable to raise their production to match the growing demand.

Improving the supply of cattle from the smallholder sector is made difficult by:

  • limited availability of land for raising cattle;

  • limited access to cost-effective cattle feed;

  • inefficient reproductive practices;

  • efficiencies of scale; and

  • difficulty accessing markets and finance.

The Indonesian Government sees the integration of cattle with oil palm plantations and crops as a means to increase beef production. IndoBeef will strive to contribute to this goal through funding made available by Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and The Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR).


Focusing on smallholder cattle farmers, IndoBeef’s objectives include:

  1. increasing beef production efficiency;

  2. increasing beef output;

  3. increasing total net household income from beef production; and

  4. significantly improving smallholder household income and market participation, allowing smallholders to spend less time tending to their cattle, and empowering women.

Project Components

The IndoBeef program is made up of two major projects:

1. Cropcow

Building on an extensive history of ACIAR-funded animal production and nutrition research in eastern Indonesia, this project seeks to improve adoption of proven technologies that improve productivity in crop-livestock systems in new regions.

It will combine existing and novel research in animal production, market and value chains, household economics, agribusiness and scaling-out processes. The goal is to improve the profitability of all beef market chain stakeholders.

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2. PalmCow

By integrating cattle farming with established palm plantations, we can improve the profitability, productivity and livelihoods of farmers.

This project will focus on evaluating and improving integrated cattle-palm production in Riau, East Kalimantan and South Sumatra.

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project themes

Learn more about the project themes that inform the IndoBeef project.

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Project team

Meet the project teams responsible for running the various aspects of CropCow and PalmCow.

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